Current Ratio: What It Is And How To Calculate It

Keep in mind that if your business does not have inventory assets, the two ratios are nearly identical, with both ratios providing the same results. For example, a retail business with large amounts of inventory will have a very different current ratio than a service business. Though similar, the current ratio and the quick ratio do differ slightly, which we’ll explore in detail next. What if your bills suddenly became due today, would you be able to pay them off?

  • It measures a company’s ability to cover its short-term obligations (liabilities that are due within a year) with current assets.
  • Suppose we’re tasked with analyzing the liquidity of a company with the following balance sheet data in Year 1.
  • Accounts payable is the sum of obligations that a business owes to its suppliers and vendors.

Additionally, some companies, especially larger retailers such as Walmart, have been able to negotiate much longer-than-average payment terms with their suppliers. If a retailer doesn’t offer credit to its customers, this can show on its balance sheet as a high payables balance relative to its receivables balance. Large retailers can also minimize their inventory volume through an efficient supply chain, which makes their current assets shrink against current liabilities, resulting in a lower current ratio.

How Do Client Payments Affect a Business’s Quick Ratio?

While we strive to provide a wide range of offers, Bankrate does not include information about every financial or credit product or service. Quick ratio excludes inventory as it cannot be converted into finished goods and subsequently into cash quickly. The calculations for the current liabilities are the same as mentioned above.

These are future expenses that have been paid in advance that haven’t yet been used up or expired. Generally, prepaid expenses that will be used up within one year are initially reported on the balance sheet as a current asset. As the amount expires, the current asset is reduced and the amount of the reduction is reported as an expense on the income statement.

Quick Ratio vs Current Ratio in SaaS Companies

The current ratio measures a company’s ability to pay current, or short-term, liabilities (debts and payables) with its current, or short-term, assets, such as cash, inventory, and receivables. Current assets listed on a company’s balance sheet include cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and other current assets (OCA) that are expected to be liquidated or turned into cash in less than one year. When you calculate a company’s current ratio, the resulting number determines whether it’s a good investment. A company with a current ratio of less than 1 has insufficient capital to meet its short-term debts because it has a larger proportion of liabilities relative to the value of its current assets. The Quick Ratio, also known as the Acid-test or Liquidity ratio, measures the ability of a business to pay its short-term liabilities by having assets that are readily convertible into cash. These assets are, namely, cash, marketable securities, and accounts receivable.

Real-World Example of Current Ratio and Quick Ratio

You can access your SaaS metric from virtually any device through ProfitWell’s mobile app or the Metrics API to keep your finger on the pulse. Enter your name and email in the form below and download the free template now! You can browse All Free Excel Templates to find more ways to help your financial analysis. To properly use the results of any accounting ratio, you must understand what the results mean and use that information to your advantage. For example, in December of 2019, Jane’s balance sheet reflected the following amounts.

Factors Influencing the Current Ratio

Unlike the current ratio, the quick ratio does not include inventory and prepaid expenses since those assets cannot quickly be converted into cash. By only looking at the most liquid assets, the quick ratio aims to provide a more realistic assessment of a company’s capacity to pay off debts due in the coming 12 months. A current ratio of 1.5 would indicate that the company has $1.50 of current assets for every $1 of current liabilities. For example, suppose a company’s current assets consist of $50,000 in cash plus $100,000 in accounts receivable.

It takes all of your company’s current assets, compares them to your short-term liabilities, and tells you whether you have enough of the former to pay for the latter. Also called the acid test ratio, a quick ratio is a conservative measure of your firm’s liquidity because it uses a fraction of your current assets. Unlike current ratio, quick ratio calculations only use quick assets or short-term investments that can be liquidated to cash in 90 days or less.

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Quick Ratio Calculation Example

The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity position and measures a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations with its most liquid assets. Walmart’s short-term liquidity worsened from 2021 to 2022, though it appears to have almost enough current assets to pay off current debts. A wide majority of current assets are not tied up in cash, as the quick ratio is substantially less than the current ratio.

Current Ratio vs. Other Liquidity Ratios

Of course, the choice to use accounting software can also play a role in the reporting process, automating the bookkeeping and accounting process, while ensuring the financial statements you produce are accurate. Besides, you should how to make a healthy homemade protein shake analyze the stock’s Sortino ratio and verify if it has an acceptable risk/reward profile. We’re transparent about how we are able to bring quality content, competitive rates, and useful tools to you by explaining how we make money.


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